Welcome to the vibrant world of Australian agriculture, where the sun shines, the land is fertile, and the language spoken can sometimes leave you feeling a bit perplexed! As you embark on your journey as a farm worker in Australia, we understand that the unique slang, jargon, and acronyms used in the industry can be overwhelming. Fear not! We’ll guide you through the essential agricultural phrases and terminology commonly heard on various harvest sites. Keep in mind that different states in Australia have their own expressions and slang too, adding even more colourful diversity to the mix.
- Boll: The rounded capsule that encases the fluffy cotton fibers within.
- Picker: The mechanised harvesting machine that separates the cotton fibers from the bolls.
- Module: A rectangular bale of cotton, tightly packed and ready for transportation.
- Gin: The processing facility where cotton is cleaned and the fibers are separated from the seeds.
- Bale Press: The machine that compresses the cotton fibers into dense rectangular bales.
- Header/Combine Harvester: The machine that skillfully cuts and threshes the grain crops, extracting the edible seeds from the rest of the plant.
- Silo: The towering storage facility used for preserving and storing grains, such as wheat, barley, and oats.
- Chaff: The dry, husky remnants left behind after the threshing process.
- Auger: A conveyor that moves the harvested grains into storage or transportation containers.
- Grain Elevator: A tower that has a bucket or conveyor to scoop up grain from a lower level and deposits it in a silo or other storage facility.
- Shaker: A machine that clamps onto the trunk of an almond tree and shakes the almonds off the branches dropping them to the ground
- Sweeper: The sweeper goes into the almond field and sweeps up the nuts that are on the ground under the trees and moves them into a line in the middle of each row
- Harvester: A harvesting machine picks up all the almonds in each row and blows out all the debris and keeps the clean nuts
- Huller: The specialised equipment that expertly removes the outer hull and debris l from the almonds.
- Shelling: The almond kernel is extracted from the shell.
- Paddy: The flooded field in which rice is grown
- Thresher: A machine that separates the rice grains from the stalks, without damaging the grains.
- Milling: The intricate process of removing the outer layers, including the husk and bran, from the rice grain to produce polished edible white rice.
- Huller: The equipment used to remove the inedible outer hull or shell from rice grains, resulting in brown or whole-grain rice.
- Parboiling: The steaming and partial boiling process that enhances the nutritional value, flavour and texture of certain rice varieties.
- Orchard: The meticulously managed grove where citrus trees, such as oranges, lemons, and grapefruits, flourish.
- Picker/Picking: The skilled task of selectively harvesting ripe fruits from the trees to ensure optimal flavour and quality.
- Sorting: Categorising citrus fruits based on their size, colour, quality, and ripeness.
- Packing Shed: The facility where harvested citrus fruits are carefully sorted, cleaned, and packed for distribution.
- Citrus Nursery: The specialised area dedicated to growing and nurturing young citrus trees.
As you immerse yourself in the Australian agricultural landscape, remember that learning the language of the farm is an exciting part of the experience. If you ever find yourself puzzled by a term or expression, don’t hesitate to ask your fellow workers or supervisors for clarification.
There’s also a host of great apps that help with understanding English and Aussie Ag terminology. A good example is Duolingo, a popular language-learning app that offers interactive lessons to help improve English proficiency.